As we learnt back then in school, Cocoa is one of the most important cash crops in the world. Because of its importance, it provides employment opportunities in the business and agricultural sectors of the Nigeria economy. Cocoa is a widely sought after cash crop as the demand for end products from it is high. Some of the products which cocoa is a major constituent includes chocolate, bournvita, Milo, cocoa butter, etc.The crop has a lot of advantages as will be discussed in this article.
Cocoa is the raw material used in making some of our favorite snacks including chocolate and beverages. It is a cash crop that once planted lasts for a long period of time. Based on these premises, therefore, Cocoa business is a very successful and lucrative business to do. It is doubtless one of the most sought-after farm produces in the world right now.
Setting Out Your Cocoa Farm – What You Need To Know
The first thing to take into consideration while thinking of starting cocoa farming business is to have a big land for planting the crop. This land you have gotten must be fertile, the area itself must have good weather conditions and there should be adequate rainfall. This is because cocoa seedling and the plant itself does not thrive well under harsh weather conditions and might eventually die.
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Also, the temperature of the land you intend using should be between 21-23 degrees Celsius and an average rainfall of one thousand to two thousand five hundred millimeters.
The most important thing of all is to get good and nutritious specie of cocoa and theses must come from a good source. An example of an ideal place to get a cocoa seedling is the Worldwide Institute for Tropical Agriculture. If you do not have access to this place, you can as well get your seedlings from professional cocoa farmers or people that have been in the business for a long time.
After this is done, you can then proceed to planting your cocoa seedlings. Planting is done during the rainy season particularly in the month of April.
Weather Conditions For Cocoa Farming Business
When producing cocoa, endeavor that it is produced in places of about 10ºN and 10ºS of the equator as the weather during that period the weather is good enough to plant cocoa. The countries actively involved in the production of cocoa include Ghana, Ivory Coast, Indonesia and Nigeria.
The growth of cocoa really depend on the weather and other factors which include temperature and rainfall as it can increase the rate of production and will make the crop grow even faster.
Rainfall of between a thousand five hundred millimeters and two thousand millimeters is good enough. During the dry season, as the rain might not be as many as it used to be, rainfall of about 100mm each month is good enough but must last at least for the next three months.
Cocoa is a tree that do not want disturbance, they do not like to be covered by other trees but when they are seedlings they can be covered.
Cocoa Farming Business – Soil Conditions And Assets
A good soil for cocoa must have in it particles that are coarse but with enough nutrient and vitamin. It is important to allow it to go as deep as 1.5m to allow the roots tap nutrients properly. The soil should also have a good capacity of holding water and a good water outlet.
The chemical properties of the soil for planting cocoa should have a pH of 5.0 – 7.5. The soil used for planting cocoa should be able to accommodate both acid and alkaline chemical soils. It is therefore important to avoid an acidic soil with a pH of 4.0 and an alkaline soil with the pH of 8.0 and above. The soil also should possess a good amount of organic matter of 3.5%.
Appropriate Cocoa Varieties
- Criollos Variety
Criollo is known as the best quality of the cheapest variety of cocoas. It is acidic in nature and quite mild. In it, aromas, nuts and caramel are found in it. Due to its attack from fungi, it fruits are expensive. It is also important to know that this variety of cocoa was really popular during the eighteenth century.
- Forastero Variety
This is one of the most popular varieties of cocoa in the market. In terms of percentage, it covers over 80% of the world’s cocoa. The crop can be sometimes bitter and acidic in taste. It is hard in nature and cannot be grown in so many places. It is mostly found in countries just like in Nigeria, Ghana and in Ivory Coast. It is seen as the fore father of all other varieties of cocoa.
- The Trinitario Variety
This variety of cocoa belongs to the Forastero variety even when they came from Criollo and Forastero.Trinitario started first in Trinidad before going to Venezuela before eventually going to Ecuador, Cameroon, Samoa, Sri Lanka, Java and Papua New Guinea.
Trinitario is slightly aromatic in taste and is not really acidic.
Cocoa Breeding Strategies
Cocoa is nurtured from seed which will then germinate and grow into seedlings before eventually growing into matured plants. Seeds from cocoa are gotten the pods after about fifteen days of ripening.
Some of this strategy includes:
The bud is removed from the cocoa tree and kept under a bark of each tree. The part of the tree that has been cut is then wrapped around with a tape that is made up of a clean plastic. As the bud grows, the tree on top of it is then removed.
A part of the tree is removed from the branch and the part that has been removed is then covered with saw dust and a sheet of polyethylene. This part that has been removed will start to grow roots which will be cut off and planted again.
How to Start a Creche and daycare Service in Nigeria
Daycare or creche is a school where young children such babies and toddlers and so on who basically cannot take care of themselves without adult supervision are kept during work hours while their parents are busy with the day’s work.
This is a kind of classroom setting where these young children can also play, learn, rest and properly taken care of by their handlers. Keeping them busy till the end of the day where their parents will pick them up.
The demand for creche and daycare centers is high on demand especially in the urban areas in Nigeria. Quite a lot of mothers have full-time jobs with no chance of handling their child as they work as the child could be a distraction. Therefore they seek daycare centers to keep their children till they close from work. With the increase in birth rate in Nigeria, create opportunities for creche and daycare centers in the community. Most primary schools right now provide the nursery arm for their schools so the parent can keep their child for the time they’ll be at work.
Who is the business for?
This business is for individuals who love children and are great at taking care of them regardless of their attitude. However, the challenging part is, you are always going to need to keep the children safe and away from harm’s way. If you have basic experience in taking care of children may be while you were teaching in a nursery school and any form at all, you can open a daycare center
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This business is very easy to start, you can begin from the comfort of your home as your directly approach working-class mothers in your environment, church or any gathering at all, telling them the type of service you render.
If you intend to rent a space, make sure the location is strategic and smoothly accessible by your target clients. After that you can print handbills with colorful design and start sharing with existing clients, telling them to also tell their colleagues at work. As you do that and also offer great service by taking proper care of their children, you will keep getting more customers.
To start up your daycare services, you’ll need the following:
Kiddies books and stationery
How much profit can I get from the Creche Business in Nigeria?
Every other business depends on some relative factors but in this service, you charge the parents per child. For example, if you have 20 enrollment, and you charge 5,000 Naira per child, that’s a total of 100,000 Naira in your first month.
Breakdown of earning for the first year (Estimation)
50 enrollments X N100,000 = N5 million
Running expenses (rent, salary, electricity etc). You can get profit before tax of over 1 million Naira with an investment Return of over 40%
You can continuously run this business for years without any need of visiting the bank for a loan.
8 STEPS TO START A DAYCARE BUSINESS IN NIGERIA
- Study about the operations needed for a Daycare business
There’s a need to have an in-depth knowledge of how to run a daycare business. This is beyond having a passion for children. You can have a passion for children and may not have the technical knowledge of responding to children in certain situations. To get this knowledge, you need to study and from materials which are available online and you can also have a discussion with other daycare owners for tips which has been helpful to them.
- Have a business plan
If you desire to start a daycare business, you need to map out a strategic plan to guarantee the long-term success of your daycare business. It may look insignificant but writing the business plan will really increase your chances of the business being successful.
Not only does the business plan keep you organized, but it will also help you stay focused on achieving the set goals and launch your business into a successful one.
- Find a location with childcare safety in mind
The next phase is to find a good location. One very important factor that is key to a successful business is to find the right location. For example, any one of wants to sell clothing for winter certainly won’t consider West African countries as a location unless they risk going out of business.
For a winter clothing line, you can open up in countries like Canada, Russia, etc. Therefore if you want to open your daycare business, it is important you choose the right location for good business.
Furthermore, your location should be equipped with the required safety equipment such as fire extinguisher, smoke detector, first aid kit and so on. This will show professionalism and attention towards safeguarding lives and properties.
- Select a good name for your daycare business
When you have selected a good location which is hazard free in a safe environment, the next stage is to select a good name for your business.
When selecting a name for your daycare business, you must select a name that is short but creative and child-friendly.
- Get a business insurance
Adequate insurance protection is another important requirement when setting up your daycare business. If you’re starting off from your house, you will need theft and fire insurance.
You must also secure yourself legally in case any unforeseen accident occurs such as the death of a child or something tragic.
- Equip your daycare center
Provide the necessary items which can make children happy as they play with them such as games, blocks, puzzles, arts and crafts, DVD players, TV, toys and so on. This will make sure the children have fun and feel relax without any worry or without missing their parents while they are at work.
- Hire employees for your Daycare Center
You can’t run a proper Daycare center without having experienced and dedicated staff to assist in maintaining the business. Although it’s great to promote your business and invest in marketing without a good team to help maintain the order of things in the business, it could be dead before it already started.
Therefore seek for experienced and hardworking individuals who also have a passion for taking care of young children. You may also need to interview each applicants to identify the individuals that fits the requirements.
- Advertise and promote your daycare center
Tell the world about your business, use the internet, use social media, tell your friends and you might be lucky to get noticed and start having clients. If clients are satisfied with the operations of your business, you might also start getting referrals from them and your business begins to expand in popularity, clients and more funds
How to State a Crude Oil Business in Nigeria
Best Way to Start a Crude Oil Trading Business in Nigeria
This is a business which is very profitable, it is form of business in which a lot of persons are making millions while others are earning billions from a monthly to a yearly basis but there are regulations but after explaining some facts to you, you will also figure a way out to tap your own and join the league of successful people.
When you hear discussions about crude oil, the mind is focused on PMS (fuel) and AGO commonly known as diesel
If you have no capital, to begin with, and you want to be among the millionaires in this business, I will reveal to you the strategies to use because this business is here to stay as long as more cars are being produced, as far as the regular unstable power supply continues and the continuous production by industries, petrol or diesel will always be needed and you can make your millions.
There are other products from crude oil and one of it is bitumen which is used for road construction
How to Make Profitable from Crude Business
1) Crude Oil Extraction:
2) Renting of Equipment:
3)Oil Refinery/Petroleum Processing
4)Petrol Hauling and Organization
5)Setting up a Gas Station
6)Kerosene Household Peddling
8)Running a Media Program (Tv or Radio)
9)Internet News Blog
10)Oil and Gas Investment
10 Best ways to make gains from Crude oil Business:
1) Crude Oil Extraction: You can carry out extraction of crude oil in partnership with the government and this is dependent on if you have the necessary equipment and facilities then you’ll get compensated by the government. To get to this level of partnership with the government, you need a license and to be accredited, you a huge capital and a knowledgeable technical team because without a license of operations, you risk being jailed.
2) Renting Of Equipment: You can provide petroleum equipment and place them on the lease. You can set up your renting outlets and rent your equipment to companies and make lots of profits from them.
3) Oil Refinery/Petroleum Processing: You can make millions if you have the capacity to set up a refinery company in which petroleum companies bring in their extracted crude oil for processing in your company. Although as stated earlier, there’s a need to register and get licensed. One more important thing is the payment of tax to the government and the failure to comply may lead to a shut down of your business. You can begin with 50 million nairas and partner with people who have more money so the logistics aspect can be taken care of.
4) Petrol Hauling and Organization: This deals with the transfer of fuel, gas, and (or) lubricant from one gas station to the other. This is one of the most profitable business at the moment in Nigeria and it is commonly known as gas hawking where you get petroleum or diesel from the refinery and supplying the product to substations to make your money.
There’s no expiration date for petrol and can be stored for a long time even when there’s high demand for it when scarce, you can decide to sell at your own price but still at an affordable price for everyone.
5) Set up a Gas Station: One other way you can make good money from this business is by operating your personal gas station. Filling gas for cars and other vehicles and provide kerosene which can be used for cooking for individuals who cannot afford a gas cooker.
6) Kerosene Household Peddling: There are households who sell kerosene using automated pumps from their big tanks. The sell kerosene with this pump to prevent waste and for accurate measurement. You can buy this product in wholesale and sell at an affordable price or price similar to the gas station to the individuals in your area.
7) Consultancy services: If you have the proper training in this business and have the full understanding of the operations in the business, this could through the university or certain certified professional courses with adequate practical experience, you can set up a personal consultancy service where individuals can inquire about directives regarding the business. These individuals will offer you money for the knowledge they’ll gain from you.
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8) Running a Media Program(Tv or Radio): With an outstanding practice and experience, you can create educational programs in this field on television, teaching people the operations in the oil industry and business, conducting interviews and carrying out live reviews, giving answers to complaint and questions. On this program, you can share ideas with the listeners and mostly young entrepreneurs especially those that would love to build up a career through the oil and gas industry. With a program, it could attract top oil and gas companies for who would love to shave their paid advert on your program, bringing more money to you and getting more oil and gas information to your active listeners.
9) Internet News Blog: If you’re really connected to latest happening in the petroleum industry you can start blogging about it with latest news, vacancies, and you may sell out quality guides on how to go about the business and may start advertising things on your blog especially if it’s very popular. Brother, sister this is another way to earn from oil and gas business, so if you have the connections to get your pc and get ready to blog for money. Turn your ideas to wealth today.
10) Investment in Oil and Gas: There is no need to afraid of investing in your money in other oil and gas companies. Stay alert to credible oil companies and buy their shares so you can become a stakeholder and they begin to grow and make profits, you also get your percentage
I believe this few point has stirred up your mind to take a chance in the oil and gas sector, invest and make money. The oil business is very lucrative and business can be done anywhere in the world as long as roads are still being built and vehicles are mobile.
How to Start a Crèche Business in Nigeria
10 Requirement for Opening a Creche in Nigeria
Creche business means the daycare services or pre-nursery center where special attention is given to children from age one to six. Crèche homes are the best place for moms who are extremely busy and have little time to handle their child because of work and some other activities that may not include children.
These centers are the alternative to hiring a housemaid despite the realities and myths which arises from issues due to housemaids. However, both have a risk and the pre-nursery center are mostly common especially in the urban area where there is high demand from work and moms cannot handle the pressure of the kid and the work at the same time. Therefore, they seek for handlers especially in the crèche centers to take care of the child till they arrive from work which is mostly by the end of the day.
With this, there is an open market for minders for potential customers in the urban area where setting up a creche center would be a lucrative business. Fortunately, this business is very easy and to be successful in this business, an individual need some possess some characteristics which includes being nice, selflessness, flexibility and so on. Although the job is highly demanding and needsa person who pays great attention to the smallest detail, watchful and vigilant.
Requirements For Smooth Running of A Creche Business
1. Get Proper Training
Although there are some specially gifted people who have a passion for childcare and naturally make children feel safe and have no thought of missing their mom notwithstanding, a certification course in child service and parenting can you an advantage above others.
Getting professionally trained exposes you to certain knowledge which can only be gotten through learning and this learning can be done formally and informally or through online courses. The important thing is to get certified by a professional body or an institution.
2. Hire Good Staffing
The operations in this business cannot be done by one man and surely needs more hands to assist in the operation of the business. For the business to be effective in its dealings, you will need to employ the services of qualified and passionate staff to assist in the smooth operation of the business.
It could be from people you know or familiar with or through personal recommendation because the demand for the job is so high to be handling the whole operations. Each worker will be given specific duties to carry out and you supervise, monitor and coordinate them as they watch over the kids.
3. Installation of Facilities/Equipment
There need to be the provision of appropriate lighting, sports facilities, toys and other fun utilities at the center in which children can play and enjoy themselves.
You must provide a lot of items which they can play with in order to satisfy their urge andenthusiasm. Arrange the playing facilities based on age, class. Make sure that objects around the play area are not endangering the lives of the children and such objects includes sharp knives, blades, etc. which should be kept far away from the reach of children.
Hire a trained electricianto install the lighting and also to fix the equipment for playing. This is important in order to prevent the risks of slip, fall, damage, and injury. Remember, when you take better care of the children, your clients recommend you for their friends, leading to potential clients and more money.
4. Pay Attention to Feeding
Children need to eat well in for strength, vitality, and growth, they need to be fed with an adequate diet.Provide them the proper snacks and rationalize the feeding time. Meals fed must be highly nutritious spicy. Kids fancy colors. Colorful snacks would inarguably serve as a useful item during the learning.
Furthermore, this method kids can equally learn about the basic colors while eating. Snacks with alphabetical lettering can be fed to the kids and through them, they can learn the letters of the alphabet.
5. Get Good Security system
Constant security is a must at the crèche business center.It is easier to manage the population of children when small but as it gets bigger there is a need for the presence of security personnel at the center.
Put everything inplaceagainst child trafficking, theft, harm, and injury.
6. Do a Proper Market Survey
Doing a proper market survey is necessary for every business. Its importance in creche business cannot, therefore, be overemphasized.Avoid rush and plan for the future. Market survey will help you with information onsuch things as special children needs, parents/guardians needs, materials and methods, siting, power supply, and market availability.
7. The Place of Advertisement
For people to know about you, you need to create awareness about what you do and unless a business advertises tothe public, it may never be seen. The best way to achieve this is, by developing an effective, advertising and marketing strategy. You could use the means of posters, radio jingles talk shows, online adverts, flyers and/orbillboard. Properly carry out the survey and use the most creative and effective marketing strategy and promotion tool available to create a staggering engagement towards your business which is not beyond your budget.
8. Do the Effective Feasibility Study
Carry out proper research and do your findings, as it was discussed above, it will enable you tobe sure of the basic requirement for the business startup, challenges, and possible solutions.
9. Have Enough Capital
This business is capital intensive and you need money to buy equipment and provide necessary facilities, leasing and renting of space and recruiting of staffs. There is a need to register your business name and place adverts using the business name in order to create awareness. This aspect, is usually well-documented when drafting the business plan.
10 Choose Your Desired Business Location/Siting
A proper creche business tags along with a proper venue or business location which comes with basic government regulations and laws guiding the sitting and running of crèches centers. However, a befitting creche location must be neat, conducive and calm. choosing your creche close to business areas and offices gives an advantage as it would be very easy for the parents to easily check on their children and wards and pick them up after closing from work.
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